Wednesday, January 25, 2012

Famous War Horses in History and Who rode Them

This is a field in which I have absolutely no background, and extremely limited knowledge. However with current popularity of both the musical and movie, “War Horse”, thought it would be interesting to search for man’s ‘other’ best friend, particularly in time of war. From what I have been able to learn to date, it appears that the horses of Generals and ranking officers of both the Union and Confederacy during the U.S. Civil War seem to be the most well documented. This initial list will hopefully be in rough chronological order, and without a great deal of detailed background, as I’m on a fairly steep learning curve. Where known it may be a favorite/principal horse, or in some cases multiple horses. There is redundancy between the names in the first general  list, and the second list which is limited to the American Civil War. Readers will not be surprised at the first named due to the principal subject matter of the blog. Readers who may have additional knowledge are encouraged to add to this database with information submitted in the Comments Section below.

Pegasus – Bellerephon
Incitatus – Emperor Caligula of Rome
Bucephala (Bucepphalus) – Alexander
Llamrei, Hengroen – King Arthur
Shadowless – Chancellor Cao Cao, Han Dynasty
Gazala – Baldwin I of Jerusalem
Babieca – El Cid
Matsukaze – Maeda Keji, Samurai, 1543 - 1612
Steiff- Gustavus Adolphus, Battle of Lutzen 1632
Blueskin, Magnolia, (Old) Nelson, Roger Leo, Ellen Edenerg – General George Washington
Bijou – Count Johan Augustus Sandels, Swedish Field Marshal, Finnish War 1808-1809
Copenhagen – Duke of Wellington
Marengo, Ali(Aly), Bijou – Napoleon Bonaparte
Palomo – Simon Bolivar
Black Prince - Major Mathews, Royal Gloucestershire Hussars 1843-1927
Ronald - Lieut-Colonel (later Lieut-General) James Brudenell, 7th Earl of Cardigan, Charge of the Light Brigade, 1854
Sir Briggs - Captain Godfrey Morgan, 17th Lancers, Balaclava 1854
Old Whitey - General (later President) Zachary Taylor
Saracen - Sam Houston
Traveller – General Robert E. Lee
Little Sorrel – General ‘Stonewall’ Jackson
Rienzi(renamed Winchester) – General Phillip H. Sheridan
Methuselah, Cincinnati – General Ulysees S. Grant
Comanche – Sole survivor of the Battle of the Little Big Horn
Blackie – Chief Sitting Bull
Vonolel - Field Marshal Lord Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts, Bt, VC, KG, KP, GCB, OM, GCSI, GCIE, KStJ, PC
Jimson the mule - 2nd Battalion, The Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex Regiment), India and the Boer War.
Simpson's Donkey -  Jack Simpson Kirkpatrick, ANZAC Corps, Gallipoli, WWI 1914
Kidron – General John J. (“Black Jack”) Pershing
Aristocrat – Lieut General Sir Harry E. Chauvel, O.C Desert Mounted Corps
George Lambert - A favourite charger of the ANZAC Mounted Division, 1919
Warrior(‘Old Warrior’) – General Jack Seely, WWI
Songster – Leicestershire Yeomanry, WWI, 1914
Orleans - Captain Whitworth, MC, Epehy, 1917 
Kitty – Marshal of Finland Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim
Kasztanka – Marshal Jozef Pilsudski, Poland
Ogeltez – Hero of the Soviet Union, Stalingrad, August 1942
Sgt. Reckless – U.S. Ist Marine Division, Korea, March 1953, died in 1968; in 2016 posthumously awarded the Dickin Medal, considered to be the animal equivalent of  the Victoria Cross.
Black Jack – the last Quartermaster issued  U.S. Army horse, died 6 February 1976
Sefton - Blues and Royals, survivor of IRA bomb attack in 1982
Burmese - Queen Elizabeth II, gift from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police in 1969 (Honorary War Horse)

The next videos are of the charge of the then Royal North British Dragoons, later The 2nd Dragoons Royal Scots Greys, from the 1970 movie 'Waterloo' and the 1936 movie 'Charge of the Light Brigade' starring Earl Flynn.


The following video is of a more recent version (1968) of the 'Charge of the Light Brigade', showing both the 11th Prince Albert's Own Hussars and the 17th Duke of Cambridge's Own Lancers at Balaclava in the Crimean War 1854.


The next video is from the movie, 'The Light Horsemen', and depicts the charge of the 4th (Victoria) and 12th (New South Wales) Australian Light Horse at Beersheba, Palestine, 1917.


The following is a list of horses of the American Civil War and the senior Union and Confederate officers who rode them (With full acknowledgement to Wikipedia).
Horse
Officer
Notes
Aldebaron
first horse
Almond Eye
Baldy (also Old Baldy)
favorite horse, wounded at First Bull Run and Antietam
Bayard
secondary; Kearny was killed at Chantilly while riding this horse
Bill
Billy
Black Bess
Blackie
secondary
Blackjack
Brown Roan
secondary
Bucephalus
Burns (AKA Black Burns)
secondary
Butler
favorite
Captain
Charlemagne
favorite horse, acquired in 1864
Cornwall
secondary
Daniel Webster
Decatur
secondary; horse shot through the neck at Fair Oaks
Dixie
Dixie
horse killed at Battle of Perryville
Dolly
secondary
Don Juan
secondary
Fancy
favorite
Fanny
Faugh-a-Ballagh
Fire-Eater
Firefly
Fleeter
Fleetfoot
Fox
Gertie
secondary
Grand Old Canister
secondary
Grape
secondary
Grey Eagle
Handsome Joe
secondary
Harry
secondary
Hero
Highfly
secondary
Highlander
secondary
Jack
secondary
Jasper[1]
Jeff Davis
Jeff Davis
secondary
Jinny
Kangaroo
secondary
Kentuck
favorite
King Philip
favorite
Lancer
favorite
Lexington
Favorite
Little Sorrel (also Old Sorrel)
Jackson was riding Little Sorrel when fatally wounded at Chancellorsville. Little Sorrel is buried on the VMI parade deck mere feet from Jackson's famous statue.
Lookout
Lucy Long
given to Lee by J.E.B. Stuart
Methuselah
first horse on re-entering the Army in 1861
Milroy
horse captured from General Robert H. Milroy at Second Winchester
Moscow
favorite, but avoided riding due to his conspicuous white color
My Maryland
secondary
Nellie Gray
horse killed at Battle of Opequon
Old Bill
secondary
Old Bob
Old Jim
Old Spot
Pocohontas
Pretty
Prince
secondary
Plug Ugly
Rambler
favorite
Red Eye
Red Pepper
Richmond

The following two videos are representative of the use of cavalry in some of its last full actions at the Battle of Omdurman and the very early stages of World War I;
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f6UmKsqz6aQ&spfreload=10
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6N2G3hAqfbo&spfreload=10

1 comment:

Anonymous said...

Very good list. Helpful.

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